Cycling Investment Elsewhere

As summarized in the following table,
jurisdictions around the world are investing significant amounts in cycling
infrastructure. Some such as the Netherlands and Copenhagen already have high
cycling mode shares and require investment to address capacity and safety
issues. Others, such Winnipeg, Seville and Sydney, Australia, that have cycling
mode shares lower than Vancouver, have committed to dramatically increase
cycling in a short period of time.

the host city for Velo-city 2011, demonstrated the advantages of rapidly
building cycling facilities. In four years, they invested $42 million to
complete a network of 78 km separated bike lanes throughout the city. In
addition, they also installed a 2,500 bicycle bike sharing system. As a result,
mode share increased
0.2% to 6.6% and cycling trips
increased from 2,500 to 70,000 per day. Perhaps more importantly, it is now
quite common to see children cycling in the city.[i]

The Netherlands

government expenditure on cycling has now reached an annual level of 487
million euros per year.[ii] Much money
is now being spent on improving regional routes, for longer distance commuters,
which leads to higher rates of cycling to work.

Munster, Germany

Munster, Germany (population 270,000)
increase cycling trips up from 29% in 1981 to 43% in 1992 with an investment in
cycling facilities of $112 million in today’s dollars.[1]

Sydney, Australia

The City of Sydney is investing $71
million over 4 years to build a 200km cycling network including 55km of
separated cycleways.[iii]  Currently one per cent of trips into the
city are made on bicycle – the city aims to increase this number by 10 per cent
by 2016.

Portland, Oregon

Portland’s recently approved 20 year
bicycle plan contains bicycle paths and other cycling infrastructure that is
estimated to cost $613 million. Funding sources are being explored.[iv]


In 2010, Winnipeg invested $20.4 million in capital funding to build an extensive active transportation network throughout the city.[v]  The funding came from the three levels of government (the City, Province and Federal governments each contributing one-third, or $6.8 million). This active transportation program involves the creation of 35 projects that range from multi-use pathways to bike boulevards. Almost all of these projects are bicycle routes.

In Minneapolis, over $50 million was
spent between 2000 and 2009 contributing to bicycle commute work trips more
than doubling from 1.9% in 2000 to 4.3% in 2008.
[vi] An
additional $18 million is budgeted for bicycle facilities and programs in 2010.
This includes federal investment through the Non-Motorized Transportation Pilot
(NTP) program. From 2000 to 2009 total bikeway mileage in the city increased
from 95.5 miles to 127.8 miles. An average of $2 million per bikeway mile was
spent during this period. The 2010 Bicycle Master Plan that aims to increase
mode share to 10% by 2020
[vii] will
require an additional $500 million to complete and an additional $300,000 per
year will be needed for maintenance. Non-infrastructure programs including
education and promotion will cost $2 million per year to sustain.


Already Copenhagen stands out among other cities for its cycling infrastructure, counting more than 390 kilometres of bike paths. Between 2006 and 2010, it spent DKK 250 million in bike infrastructure and an extra 75 million kroner were allotted for 2011. Within the city, 55 percent of all commuters already travel by bike. Their goal is to hike the percentage of suburban commuters cycling to and from the city from the 37 percent it is today to over 50 percent by 2015.[viii]

[1] Ibid, p i.

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